Two nematode species isolated from sediments of the littoral zone of South China Sea on the coast of Vietnam are described
and illustrated. Paracomesoma minor sp. n. is closely related to P. elegans Gagarin & Thanh, 2009 and P. lissum
Gagarin & Thanh, 2009. It differs from the former species in the shorter body, longer and more slender tail, longer cephalic
setae and shorter spicules, and from the latter species in the shorter body, longer cephalic setae, presence of cervical setae
and smaller number of precloacal supplements in males. Microlaimus validus sp. n. is morphologically closest to M. citrus
Gerlach, 1959 and M. nanus Blome, 1982 and differs from both species in the longer body, relatively shorter pharynx and
relatively shorter and thicker tail.